With the New Year come new laws. Tennessee legislative blogger Tom Humphrey has compiled a list of laws that go into effect today, January 1, 2013. You can find the list here. The new laws effect small businesses, workers' compensation, drivers' licenses and teachers among others.
Recently in Car accidents Category
As school starts again, it is a good time to review Tennessee's child restraint laws. The State of Tennessee bases its child restraint laws on a child's age, weight and height. While all children under the age of 16 must be properly restrained in a vehicle, there are different requirements for each age group.
Children under the age of one year or who weigh less than 20 lbs must be secured in a car seat in a rear facing position. It is important that both the age and the weight requirement be met before allowing the child to ride in a car seat facing forward. Children between the ages of one and three years old and weighing more than 20 lbs must be restrained in a car seat in a forward facing position. Both of these age groups must be seated in the back seat of a car if available.
Children between the ages of four and eight years of age and measuring less than four feet nine inches must be restrained in a "belt-positioning" booster seat system. If the child is over the age of eight years old but measure less than 4'9, he or she must use a seat belt restraint system meeting federal motor vehicle standards. The same standard applies to children between the ages of nine and twelve years old as well as children between the ages of thirteen and fifteen. However, it is advised that children under the age of thirteen sit in a rear seat if available.
The driver of the car is responsible for ensuring that any children in the vehicle are properly restrained. However, if the parent or legal guardian of the child is in the car but not driving, they are held responsible for properly restraining his or her child. Although violations of these requirements can result in a $50.00 fine, it is vital to adhere to these laws for the safety of any and all children passengers in a vehicle.
You can review the rules here: http://www.tn.gov/safety/newCRD.shtml
Motor vehicle collisions with pedestrians are very frightening and are not uncommon in middle Tennessee. In fact, Channel 4 news reported that a child was hit by a car recently as he was walking to school. Fortunately the child only suffered a broken arm; however, many Nashville pedestrians are not so lucky. According to a recent study, approximately 7,000 pedestrians die and 100,000 are injured in traffic related accidents each year.
Tennessee has strict laws relating to pedestrian safety. Under these laws, every Tennessee driver is required to (1) exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian upon any roadway, (2) to give a warning by sounding the horn when necessary and (3) to exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or other person upon a roadway. Drivers failing to meet these standards can be held responsible for any injuries and damages, including medical bills and lost wages, suffered by the pedestrian.
However, pedestrians are not off the hook. Tennessee law also imposes duties on pedestrians traveling on streets and highways. For example, pedestrians are subject to traffic regulations and are only to cross the street and walk where designated. Pedestrians failing to follow these laws may be considered equally or totally at fault for the collision thus limiting or barring their claim all together.
If you are a Plaintiff in an injury case in Tennessee, your attorney may tell you that you have to give a deposition. An injury lawsuit is started with a Complaint. Once filed and served on the proper people or companies, the Defendants file an Answer to the Complaint where they admit or deny the allegations filed.
Written questions called interrogatories are usually served after the Answer is filed. Interrogatories are written questions about the injury case, the Nashville car wreck or work injury, the people involved and the claims asserted. This gives everyone a heads up on what the case is about. In Tennessee, these questions do not have to seek relevant information; they only have to seek "discoverable" information. That topic is for another post but it basically means the questions have to be tailored to find facts that may be important to some other question or topic in the case. For example, "Where do you go to church?" is an acceptable question because there may be potential jurors who go to the same church and know you.
After everyone shares their responses, some injury cases settle, some proceed. A deposition can occur at any time but it usually happens at this stage, once the other side has the medical records, bills and an idea about the claims.
A deposition is a formal question and answer session usually held at the attorney's office. It is "on the record" meaning the witness is sworn to tell the truth and a court reporter writes down every word spoken. I prepare every client for the deposition based on the case, the important facts and the problems the case may have. The best Nashville injury attorneys never prepare every case and every client the same way. Deposition preparation depends on your comfort level, who the defense attorney is, the facts of the case, among many other factors.
Many people have concerns about what will be asked, how important is this or that. The most important rule to remember in a deposition is to tell the truth.
A deposition can be a great experience, if you are prepared, because it is usually the first time, and the last time before trial, that the injured person gets to tell their story about what happened and how it has changed their life both at home and work. Proper preparation makes this easy.
If you have been injured in a car wreck, you have probably received forms from an insurance adjustor giving that at-fault driver's insurance company access to your medical records. It happens in nearly every claim. Should you sign them? Probably not; at least not until you talk to an experienced injury attorney who handles car wreck claims.
Your medical records are private and protected from disclosure by federal HIPAA laws. But, when you get hurt and seek money from an insurance company, you put your entire medical history up for review. That is okay, as long as it is controlled. Many insurance companies will send medical releases that allow them to talk to your doctor. That is called ex-parte communication and it is not allowed, unless you agree to it.
There is no testimonial privilege for doctor-patient communications in Tennessee. Givens v. Mullikin ex rel. McElwaney, 75 S.W.3d 383, 407-08 (Tenn. 2002). There is, however, an implied covenant of confidentiality between a physician and a patient arising out of the original contract of treatment for payment. Id. This implied covenant specifically precludes informal discussions with a law firm employed to defend the patient's claim: "[A] physician breaches his or her implied covenant of confidentiality by divulging medical information, without the patient's consent, through informal conversations with others." Id. However, this covenant of confidentiality can be waived by the patient by signing the form. So don't do it until you talk to an attorney.
It's the same for work injuries, you get hurt and the forms arrive. But the workers' compensation laws in Tennessee have a provision that requires the injured worker to sign a form called a C-31 medical waiver and consent form. You can find a copy of that form here, click to download the form C-31. I have seen some insurance companies sneak terms into a C-31 that allows the insurance company to talk to the doctor. This type of form should not be signed.
In almost every car wreck or motorcycle accident claim, or really any type of claim for serious injuries, I control the flow of information about medical records. We provide the insurance company with all of the records. We sometimes give them an agreed protective order allowing them access to the records, at their expense, but the order does not give the insurance company permission to speak privately with your doctor.
The Tennessean reported today that the more than 300 people have died since January 1 this year on Tennessee roadways. Car wreck fatalities are up more than 13 percent for the same period last year. Prior to this year, the number of deaths from automobile collisions was declining.
The article states that TDOT has identified several trouble spots, dangerous roads, perhaps poorly designed, where collisions happen most often. Moreover, many of these tragic accidents occurred as a result of motorcyclists not wearing helmets and drivers not wearing seatbelts. Helmets and seatbelts are important. Alcohol related collisions are still a problem. However, it is clear that the number of car wrecks and motorcycle injuries would decline if distracted driving decreased and drivers paid more attention to the cars and motorcycles around them.
A driver has a duty to keep his eyes on the road and be aware of what is around him. The law requires a car and motorcycle driver to use due care by taking reasonable steps to avoid a collision. Keeping distractions at a minimum and driving sober are the easiest ways to use due care.
Unfortunately, as a Nashville injury attorney who handles car wreck cases, too often I find negligent drivers avoid their responsibility and deny accountability. I recently had a case where the driver refused to accept responsibility even though his lawyer agreed his client was at fault. When careless drivers refuse to accept accountability, you need an experienced automobile accident attorney. Call me at 615-256-8880. I can help.
Here is my email: email@example.com or you can contact me through my website at www.lrwlawfirm.com.
I was injured in a Tennessee car accident and my doctor says I have degenerative disc disease in my neck. Can I still recover for my injuries?
As a Tennessee injury attorney, I have handled many cases where someone injured their neck in a car accident. These types of injuries can be associated with headaches, soreness, stiffness, arm pain and weakness. This is a common injury from a car wreck because the head and neck and not protected in a collision and take the force of the impact. For some, the pain goes away with rest, medication and physical therapy.
Sometimes, after a car wreck your doctor will order an MRI of the neck ("cervical spine") if the pain does not go away. It is very common for the results of that test to show degenerative disc disease (sometimes listed a "DDD"). Insurance companies may use this condition to argue that you had this problem all along, well before the car collision. Many doctors will agree that degenerative disc disease is not caused by an automobile accident but rather due to age, like arthritis.
One study I have seen suggests 85 percent of people will have evidence of degenerative disc disease by age 50. Indeed, as we age, depending on activity levels and genetics, we all are subject to this condition. However, the key differential in an injury case is the fact that most people with DDD have no symptoms, no pain and no disability. A motor vehicle collision or work injury can aggravate, advance and make this condition worse. It can make it painful where there was no pain before. The impact can aggravate the condition to the extent that other medical treatments are necessary including traction, therapy, epidural steroid injections and even surgery.
In Tennessee, we have a specific jury instruction for pre-existing conditions. The at-fault driver is responsible for the pain and disability caused and made worse by the collision. Therefore, even if, like most people, there was DDD in the spine before the collision, the Defendant is responsible for the harm caused by the car accident. If there was no pain nor disability before the accident, the at-fault driver should not get credit for a dormant pain-free condition that is normal with age.
If you were in a car wreck or injured on the job in Tennessee and your doctor tells you have degenerative disc disease, then you need a personal injury attorney who knows the law in this area and understands how to educate a jury about why you are in pain. I have handled these types of car wreck cases in Brentwood, Franklin, Murfreesboro, Nashville and all over Middle Tennessee. I am available to speak with you or we can meet for a free consultation about your rights. Call our office at 615-256-8880 or visit my personal injury attorney website at www.lrwlawfirm.com.
Automobile accidents happen every day all across middle Tennessee. Unfortunately, many drivers involved in Tennessee car wrecks carry minimal or no liability insurance. These situations require an experienced car accident attorney. Tennessee insurance law requires a driver to only have at least $25,000 for injury and $15,000 for property damage. So, what does that mean for someone who is severely injured in a Nashville car accident by careless driver without enough insurance?
Many insurance policies include uninsured and underinsured insurance coverage. Tennessee's uninsured motorist law provides protection to drivers and/or passengers injured in an auto accident where the at-fault driver carries minimal or no insurance. In such an accident, the injured party's insurance carrier should pay for damages such as pain and suffering, health care expenses and medical bills, loss of enjoyment of life and loss of wages that the injured party could recover from the at-fault driver.
An insurance company cannot increase your insurance rates or cancel your coverage due solely to the payment of any claim under uninsured motorist coverage. With the cost of medical care, a weekend stay in the hospital can cost more than $25,000.00. Add to that lost wages, rehabilitation and physical therapy, the bills can easily exceed the coverage. That is why uninsured/underinsured policies are so important.
If you are involved in an automobile wreck in Middle Tennessee, it is important for you to consult an attorney as soon as possible. Nashville personal injury attorney Jonathan Williams has experience representing individuals that are injured by drivers that carry little or no car insurance. Contact Jonathan Williams today at (615) 256-8880 or visit www.lrwlawfirm.com if you have been seriously injured in a motor vehicle collision.
Many of our Nashville injury attorney blog posts focus on the dangers of distracted driving in Tennessee. One cause of distraction is basic inexperience behind the wheel. The Tennessean reported today on the dangers teenage drivers face by highlighting the story of a young lady who was seriously injured in a Brentwood car wreck. Regarding Tennessee car crashes, the paper reports:
Tennessee has a 15 percent fatality rate for drivers ages 16 to 17 who are involved in crashes -- the 12th-highest in the nation, according to statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It's a problem across the South because of its winding rural roads, scarcity of trauma centers and love of vehicles not built for safety. Not all public high schools here offer driver's education classes, and many teenagers don't abide by age-specific rules to prevent wrecks.
The article highlights this link from the CDC a webpage focused on injury prevention and motor vehicle safety. In order to combat injuries and deaths from automobile collisions, the CDC recommends a graduated driver's license program, prohibiting the use of cell phones while driving, requiring teenage passengers to wear seatbelts and stricter enforcement of DUI laws.
In Tennessee, drivers of all ages are required by law to use "due care" when driving. Our "Rules of the Road" law requires, regardless of the speed limit, that every driver exercise due care by operating the vehicle at a safe speed, by maintaining a safe lookout, by keeping the vehicle under proper control and by devoting full time and attention to operating the vehicle, under the existing circumstances. Drivers are required by law to avoid endangering life, limb or property and to see and avoid colliding with any other vehicle or person, or any road sign, guard rail or any fixed object.
A truck skipped a curb and struck a boat and trailer today in the Nashville parking lot of Bass Pro Shop. The Tennessean reported the story here.
The three people injured were from Illinois and luckily, the Tennessean reports, their injuries are not life threatening. This personal injury car wreck reminded me that the traditional "rules of the road" usually do not apply in parking lots. Rightfully so, however, the driver was given a citation.
Many times parking lots do not have speed limits, marked lanes of travel and other safety precautions we are used to seeing on ordinary streets. Nevertheless, both common sense and Tennessee law create an obligation on the part of drivers of automobiles to exercise due care. TCA § 55-8-136 provides, "every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian upon any roadway...." TCA § 55-8-163 further says: "The driver of a vehicle shall not back such vehicle unless such movements can be made with reasonable safety and without interfering with other traffic."
However, on private property including parking lots, Tennessee Courts have held that neither the statutory rules of the road nor the common law rules pertaining to public roadways are applicable. See for example Hickman v. Jordan, 87 S.W.3d 496, 499 (Tenn. Ct. App. 2001). But, the statutory requirements help to determine the minimum standard of care. In Hickman, the Court held, "Conditions such as those found in a crowded parking lot may require a driver to use an even greater degree of care. The duty of a driver has been summarized as "a duty to keep a reasonably careful lookout commensurate with the dangerous character of the vehicle and the nature of the locality."
Andy Williams got it right; it is the most wonderful time of the year! However, it is also the busiest time of the year. Between holiday parties and people frantically hopping from store to store trying to find the perfect present, Tennessee roadways are jammed packed. Car accidents are surely to follow.
According to a recent report by the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), alcohol related motor vehicle deaths soar during the holiday season. In fact, 40% of motor vehicle related deaths during this time of year involve drunk drivers. This is a 12% increase over the rest of the month of December!
Experts suggest that people should have no more than one alcoholic beverage every hour and should alternate between nonalcoholic and alcoholic beverages as well. You can find more information here.
The attorneys and staff of Larry R. Williams, PLLC encourage everyone to drive safe this holiday season. If you choose to drink make sure you have a designated sober driver. Our Nashville personal injury attorneys take Tennessee drunk driving wrecks seriously. We understand the devastating effects that come from personal injuries or death resulting from a Tennessee car accident.
The Federal Government says yes. Drivers easily get distracted while using cell phones. Texting while driving is illegal in Tennessee but merely talking is not. Not now. But talking on a phone can still be careless. Therefore, in every Tennessee personal injury case involving a car accident, I always ask if the at-fault driver was using a cell phone. The answer is yes more times that you would think it should be.
This data has caught up to the Feds. The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended that lawmakers create legislation that makes using a cell phone while driving illegal. The Tennessean has reported on their recommendation. You can read that article here.
Happy Thanksgiving from all of us at the Nashville injury and business law firm of Larry R. Williams, PLLC. We all know that there will be more cars on the road this weekend than any other time of the year. DUI car wrecks and distracted driving incidents spike every year around Thanksgiving. So be safe, stay alert, watch out for other drivers and wear your seat belt.
The Governor's Highway Safety Office has started a new campaign this holiday season to prevent drunk and distracted driving in Tennessee. It's called CoMet for Combined Message Enforcement for Tennessee and this new strategy is designed to stop and arrest impaired drivers.
Rather than the typical message campaigns, law enforcement will be out in force during the holiday. There will be additional signage, sobriety check points and saturation zones where there a lot of cops in one area patrolling Tennessee highways.
The Cookeville newspaper The Herald-Citizen reports on this new campaign and you can read their story here.
The short answer is because the Tennessee accident report is a public record and they need work. Although there are ethical rules regarding attorney solicitation of this type of case, the rules do not out-right prohibit direct mail solicitation from a Tennessee personal injury attorney. If you have been injured in an automobile accident or motorcyle wreck in Tennessee, you have probably received these types of letters. But, you have not received them from my firm. We don't do it. We never will.
Some medical offices pay people to search for people injured in car crash. In Nashville, these records are available for less than a dollar. In Brentwood, car crash reports are available online. I am sure the same is true in for other areas in Tennessee as well. When someone needs work, they go find it. But should you hire a doctor (or any professional) who finds you or should you find them? Probably the latter.
The same goes for lawyers. I do not recommend hiring a Tennessee injury lawyer who contacts you by mail. When hiring a lawyer for an automobile accident, you should check their rating, ask someone you know who used that lawyer before, check on their successes, see if they have ever tried a case. One important factor to consider is case load. Will you be lost in a large cabinet of hundreds of cases and only have contact with a legal assistant? Or, will you be given personal service from a lawyer you know and trust? One who answers and returns his/her own phone calls. It seems you don't get this type of service from a lawyer who does not have enough to do that he/she has time to find your report and solicit you directly.
If you have been injured in an automobile or motorcycle accident and need a Tennessee injury lawyer, call me at 615-256-8880.
Question #1: What type of driver (inexperienced, rushed, distracted, other?) is the most dangerous on the road today? Why?Our Tennessee injury law firm have decades of experience representing victims of automobile accidents. Call us today for a free informative consultation.
Jonathan: Definitely distracted drivers. The types of distractions increase all of the time. 20 years ago we did not have to worry about drivers texting, seeing electronic billboards, toggling between satellite radio, an iPod and a GPS system. Inexperienced driver's get distracted more easily. United States Department of Transportation's website, The Faces of Distracted Driving, indicates that the under-20 age group had the highest proportion of distracted drivers involved in fatal crashes (16%). The age group with the next greatest proportion of distracted drivers in fatal crashes was the 20- to-29-year-old age group,13% of which were reported to have been distracted.
Question #2: Other than laws against talking on cell phones/texting/etc. what can be done to prevent technology from increasing distracted driving accidents?
Jonathan: Require that the in-car technology be disabled while moving. You should not be able to check restaurant reviews for the local steakhouse from the car's computer while driving down a busy street.
Question #3: In the past 60 years highway fatalities have been in decline. In response, states across the US have been increasing highway speed limits. In your opinion are these speed limit rate increases justified or too dangerous?
Jonathan: I don't think speed is as problematic as alcohol, fatigue and distraction. However, raising the speed limits because fatalities are in decline does not seem to be the correct response to a good trend.
Question #4: Young drivers (16-24) continue to have a disproportionate rate of driving fatalities (compared to other age groups). What, if anything, can be done to improve this?
Jonathan: Both states and insurance companies should require mandatory driver education classes from certified trainers. Driver's education should be required as part of the mandatory high school curriculum. In addition, the tiered licensing approach works well to ease younger drivers into greater responsibility.
Question #5: If you could improve or enact one law or regulation to improve overall traffic safety, what would it be and why?
Jonathan: We don't ask folks to get in a fork lift and know how to operate them safely and forklifts don't go fast and don't have in dash movie players and cell phones. Why should we expect a new driver to safely operate a car at 70 miles per hour? One regulation that would improve driver safety is more required education and training to avoid distractions. This training should be mandated both before getting a license and after a moving violation or preventable accident. There is nothing wrong with additional training. Driving is not a right, it is a privilege.